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Statutes Text

Article - Criminal Procedure


    (a)    (1)    Not earlier than 1 year after the initial release hearing ends or was waived, and not more than once a year thereafter, a committed person may apply for release under either subsection (b) or (c) of this section, but not both.

        (2)    Notwithstanding the time restrictions in paragraph (1) of this subsection, a committed person may file an application for release at any time if the application is accompanied by an affidavit of a physician or licensed psychologist that states an improvement in the mental condition of the committed person since the last hearing.

    (b)    (1)    To apply for release under this subsection, the committed person shall file an application for release with the Health Department and notify the court and State’s Attorney, in writing, of this request.

        (2)    The provisions of this title governing administrative hearing and judicial determination of eligibility for release apply to any application for release under this subsection.

    (c)    (1)    To apply for release under this subsection, the committed person shall file a petition for release with the court that ordered commitment.

        (2)    The committed person shall send a copy of the petition for release to the Health Department and the State’s Attorney.

        (3)    If the committed person requests a trial by jury, the trial shall be held in a circuit court with a jury as in a civil action at law.

        (4)    The trier of fact shall:

            (i)    determine whether the committed person has proved eligibility for release by a preponderance of the evidence; and

            (ii)    render a verdict for:

                1.    continued commitment;

                2.    conditional release; or

                3.    discharge from commitment.

        (5)    If the trier of fact renders a verdict for conditional release, within 30 days after the verdict, the court shall release the committed person under conditions it imposes in accordance with specific recommendations for conditions under § 3–116(b) of this title.

    (d)    (1)    An appeal from a District Court order shall be on the record in the circuit court.

        (2)    An appeal from a circuit court order shall be by application for leave to appeal to the Appellate Court of Maryland.

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